The Allies named them Displaced Persons, abbreviated "DP". Their hair is mostly blond or brown, their eyes are blue, their stature middle-sized. Mr. Sam Haber (Director JDC Austria), Rabbi Snieg (former Chaplain Lithuanian army and Chief Rabbi of DP Camps in Germany), Mr. Auerback (Commissioner of Restitution to Victims of Nazi Bavarian Government). "Attacking Russia on June 22, 1941, the Germans entered Lithuanian territory. Only 3% are over 60 years of age. The Balzekas Musuem of Lithuanian Culture, has an extensive collection of Lithuanian DP camp items, including camp booklets and publications, lists of residents, an extensive library and is a great resource. (L-R Marija Senkevičiūtė-Tamulaitienė, Vytautas Tamulaitis, Vida Tamulaitytė)The Tamulaitis Family prior to departure for Canada from the DP camps in Germany, 1946. The unusual vibrancy of the Lithuanian community, says Linas Gylys, president of the Lithuanian World Centre, who was born in a DP camp in Germany, comes … Excerts from Hearken Then Judge Juozas Pasilaitis, Then people were seized to dig trenches in East Prussia, or, the front moving to the interior of Germany, to serve in the Luftwaffe (air force). Housing in a DP camp The amount of supplied vegetables is minimal and these being generally cooked in soups, no vitamins remain. I'm trying to find out my father's history pre-1949 when he was in Germany as a DP from Poland. "The control of Jewish DP camps rested with the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (AJDC) which, although organized in cooperation with UNRRA, encouraged migration to Palestine. The article focuses on art exhibitions and their aims. Recently disease of the respiratory and digestive organs as well as cutaneous disease have been noticed. In the Detmold, Germany Lithuanian DP camp publication “Lietuviu Sajunga” (Lithuanian Union) dated January 2, 1946 (No. the Soviet Union and Germany signed a treaty according to which people could be exchanged; persons of German extraction could repatriate to Germany and Lithuanians from Germany could move to Lithuania. Dr. A. Gerutis initiated Lithuanian Bibliographical Archive, which was established in 1946. They as children fled Lithuania with their parents in 1944 in the final stages of WWII. Refugees were officially referred to as the displaced persons (abbreviated as DP). "The DPs are supplied with food, footwear, and clothing from IRO stocks. “The following information chronicles the DP experiences of the Astrauskas (Astras) Family: Stasys Astras (1914-1998) and Uršulė Lukoševičiūtė Astrienė (1912-2008). Archival material in Germany Lithuanian DP camps was started to collect on 19 th of November, 1946 and was sent to the Sisters of St Casimir monastery in Chicago. There were 53,000 Lithuanian DPs in Germany "Movements from one zone of occupation to the other having ceased, we find 18,000 Lithuanians in the British Zone (this figure includes residents of camps as well as people living in private flats without UNRRA care), 32,000 in the American, and 3,000 in the French Zone of occupation. Many DPs made their way to new lives in the US, Canada, Australia and Great Britain, while Jewish refugees who before had languished in Hitler's concentration camps, witnessed the unfolding of the Jewish state of Israel. They were leaders of political groups and cultural organizations, former members of the government, editors of newspapers, and well-known journalists. Following the end of the war, care for the Displaced Persons was transferred to the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration and to voluntary organisations such as the British Red Cross, Catholic Relief Services, the Jewish Committee for Relief Abroad and In many cases the number of DPs, ready to join the Labour Service or Guard Comapnies was ten times larger than requied by the U.S. Army. Nevertheless, DP stamps appear on covers, both alone and in combination with regular German issues. Part of them tried to get to Sweden but only some hundreds were lucky enough to reach that country. The Library is the largest Lithuanian resource and reference center outside Lithuania. To their greatest surprise they found the National Government of Lithuania established, the administration of the country taken up by it and the Bolsheviks turned out of Vilnus and Kaunas, the principal cities of the Republic. Furthermore, the archive holds documents from various DP camps and organizations. First, many Jews who survived the Nazi holocaust wished to migrate to Israel, then known as Palestine. Mr. Treger, speaking. Before its conversion into a Jewish DP camp in August 1946, Bensheim had been used as a refugee camp for non-Jewish Polish DPs. "The basis of DP food, then (satisfying and covering a person's requirment for calories) are carbohydrates and undigestible waste foods. A moving / walking / person who does not do anything needs 2,300-4,000 calories daily to preserve his health.". These camps were actually temporary cities of no small proportions with many of the needs of ordinary cities. "The largest part of the supplied articles has been donated by citizens of the United States. From an article about Lithuanians in DP camps by Frank Passic and Steven A. Feller: "Two distinct themes emerged regarding the "repatriation" of DPs, most of whom were housed throught the western zones of Austria and Germany. Two years after the end of World War II in Europe, some 850,000 people … Toward the end of 1945 and in the beginning of 1946, the majority of Lithuanian refugees in Germany were transferred to refugee camps, otherwise known as Displaced Persons Camps, which were maintained and administered by the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA), and from 1947 by its successor — the International Refugee Organization (IRO). Atop a sandy slope on the outskirts of Scheinfeld, a small town in Bavaria halfway between Nuremberg and Wurzburg, sits a 17th century castle built by the Schwarzenberg family. While still in the DP camps in Germany, Janis CIRKSIS joined the Latvian chapter of the YMCA and became the treasurer. 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